zabbix v3.0安装部署

2017-03-07 来源: wajika 发布在  https://www.cnblogs.com/wajika/p/6516244.html

这篇文章没有写明init的部分要注意

zabbix v3.0安装部署

摘要:

本文的安装过程摘自http://www.ttlsa.com/以及http://b.lifec-inc.com ,和站长凉白开的《ZABBIX从入门到精通v3.0.1 - 运维生存时间(2016)》一书。

关于zabbix及相关服务软件版本:

Linux:centos 6.6
nginx:1.9.15
MySQL:5.5.49
PHP:5.5.35

一、安装nginx:

安装依赖包:

yum -y install gcc gcc-c++ autoconf automake zlib zlib-devel openssl openssl-devel pcre* make gd-devel libjpeg-devel libpng-devel libxml2-devel bzip2-devel libcurl-devel

创建用户:

useradd nginx -s /sbin/nologin -M

下载nginx软件包并进入到目录中:

wget http://nginx.org/download/nginx-1.9.15.tar.gz && tar xvf nginx-1.9.15.tar.gz && cd nginx-1.9.15

编译:

./configure --prefix=/usr/local/product/nginx1.9.14 --user=www --group=www --with-http_ssl_module --with-http_v2_module --with-http_stub_status_module --with-pcre

make && make install
ln -s /usr/local/product/nginx1.9.14 /usr/local/nginx    ==>创建软链接

参数解释:

--with-http_stub_status_module:支持nginx状态查询
--with-http_ssl_module:支持https
--with-http_spdy_module:支持google的spdy,想了解请百度spdy,这个必须有ssl的支持
--with-pcre:为了支持rewrite重写功能,必须制定pcre

二、安装PHP

下载PHP安装包:

wget http://cn2.php.net/get/php-5.5.35.tar.gz/from/this/mirror

解压并编译:

mv mirror php-5.5.35.tar.gz && tar xvf php-5.5.35.tar.gz && cd php-5.5.35

./configure --prefix=/usr/local/product/php-5.5.35 --with-config-file-path=/usr/local/product/php-5.5.35/etc --with-bz2 --with-curl --enable-ftp --enable-sockets --disable-ipv6 --with-gd --with-jpeg-dir=/usr/local --with-png-dir=/usr/local --with-freetype-dir=/usr/local --enable-gd-native-ttf --with-iconv-dir=/usr/local --enable-mbstring --enable-calendar --with-gettext --with-libxml-dir=/usr/local --with-zlib --with-pdo-mysql=mysqlnd --with-mysqli=mysqlnd --with-mysql=mysqlnd --enable-dom --enable-xml --enable-fpm --with-libdir=lib64 --enable-bcmath

make && make installln -s /usr/local/product/php-5.5.35 /usr/local/php

cp php.ini-production /usr/local/php/etc/php.inicd /usr/local/php/etc/

cp php-fpm.conf.default php-fpm.conf

修改php.ini参数:(zabbix环境需要修改的参数)

max_execution_time = 300
memory_limit = 128M
post_max_size = 16M
upload_max_filesize = 2M
max_input_time = 300
date.timezone = PRC

三、安装MySQL

添加mysql用户,创建mysql的数据目录:

groupadd mysql
mkdir -pv /data/mysql

useradd -r -g mysql -d /data/mysql -s /sbin/nologin mysql

chown -R mysql.mysql /data/mysql

安装cmake及依赖:

yum install cmake gcc* ncurses-devel -y 

下载MySQL安装包:

wget http://dev.mysql.com/get/Downloads/MySQL-5.5/mysql-5.5.49.tar.gz

编译安装MySQL:

tar -xvf mysql-5.5.49.tar.gz && cd mysql-5.5.49

cmake -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=/usr/local/product/mysql5.5.49 -DDEFAULT_CHARSET=utf8 -DENABLED_LOCAL_INFILE=1 -DMYSQL_DATADIR=/data/mysql -DWITH_EXTRA_CHARSETS=all -DWITH_READLINE=1 -DWITH_INNOBASE_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 -DMYSQL_TCP_PORT=3306 -DDEFAULT_COLLATION=utf8_general_ci

make && make install

ln -s /usr/local/product/mysql5.5.49 /usr/local/mysql

chown -R mysql.mysql /usr/local/mysql

拷贝mysql的配置文件:

cd /usr/local/mysql/support-files/

cp my-medium.cnf /data/mysql/my.cnf

cp mysql.server /etc/init.d/mysqld

chmod +x /etc/init.d/mysqld

初始化MySQL:

cd /usr/local/mysql/scripts

./mysql_install_db --user=mysql --basedir=/usr/local/mysql/ --datadir=/data/mysql/

修改MySQL配置文件my.cnf中数据目录:

datadir=/data/mysql/

启动MySQL:

[root@zabbix ~]# /etc/init.d/mysqld start
Starting MySQL... SUCCESS!

登录数据库,创建zabbix数据库及用户名和密码:

mysql> create database zabbix default charset utf8;
Query OK, 1 row affected (0.00 sec)

mysql> grant all privileges on zabbix.* to zabbix@'localhost' identified by 'zabbix';
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.03 sec)

mysql> flush privileges;
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)

mysql> show databases;
+--------------------+
| Database |
+--------------------+
| information_schema |
| mysql |
| performance_schema |
| test |
| zabbix |
+--------------------+
5 rows in set (0.00 sec)

如果登录数据库出现问题:

[root@zabbix ~]# mysql
ERROR 2002 (HY000): Can't connect to local MySQL server through socket '/var/lib/mysql/mysql.sock' (2)

解决办法:

[root@zabbix ~]# ln -s /tmp/mysql.sock /var/lib/mysql/

为数据库的root创建密码:

[root@zabbix zabbix-3.0.3]# mysqladmin -uroot password  "zabbix"

四、安装zabbix server:

安装zabbix:

-rw-r--r--   1 root root  15407273 5月  21 2016 zabbix-3.0.3.tar.gz

[root@zabbix ~]# tar zxf zabbix-3.0.3.tar.gz && cd zabbix-3.0.3

编译zabbix:

./configure --prefix=/usr/local/zabbix-3.0.3/ --enable-server --enable-agent --with-mysql --with-net-snmp --with-libcurl --with-libxml2

make && make install

编译过程中如果有报错:

故障:
checking for mysql_config... no
configure: error: MySQL library not found

解决:
yum install mysql-devel -y

故障:
checking for net-snmp-config... no
configure: error: Invalid Net-SNMP directory - unable to find net-snmp-config

解决:
yum install net-snmp-devel -y

创建zabbix用户:

[root@zabbix zabbix-3.0.3]# groupadd zabbix

[root@zabbix zabbix-3.0.3]# useradd zabbix -s /sbin/nologin -M -g

zabbix server需要导入3个sql文件:

[root@zabbix zabbix-3.0.3]# mysql -uroot -pzabbix zabbix < database/mysql/schema.sql
[root@zabbix zabbix-3.0.3]# mysql -uroot -pzabbix zabbix < database/mysql/images.sql
[root@zabbix zabbix-3.0.3]# mysql -uroot -pzabbix zabbix < database/mysql/data.sql 

[root@zabbix zabbix-3.0.3]# pwd
  /root/zabbix-3.0.3

五、zabbix管理网站配置(nginx):

创建项目目录:

[root@zabbix zabbix-3.0.3]# mkdir /data/web/zabbix.lifec.com -p
[root@zabbix zabbix-3.0.3]# mkdir /data/logs/zabbix -p

将前端文件拷贝到项目目录下:

[root@zabbix zabbix-3.0.3]# cp -rp frontends/php/* /data/web/zabbix.lifec.com/

编辑nginx虚拟主机:

[root@zabbix conf]# mkdir extra
[root@zabbix conf]# cd extra/
[root@zabbix extra]# vim zabbix.conf

server {
listen 8027;
server_name zabbix.lifec.com;
access_log /data/logs/zabbix/zabbix.lifec.com.access.log main;
index index.html index.php index.html;
root /data/web/zabbix.lifec.com;

location /{
       try_files $uri $uri/ /index.php?$args;
}

location ~ ^(.+.php)(.*)$ {
       fastcgi_split_path_info ^(.+.php)(.*)$;
       include fastcgi.conf;
       fastcgi_pass 127.0.0.1:9000;
       fastcgi_index index.php;
       fastcgi_param PATH_INFO $fastcgi_path_info;
}

}

编辑nginx.conf配置文件:

[root@zabbix conf]# cat nginx.conf

user  nginx;
worker_processes  1;

#error_log  logs/error.log warning;
#error_log  logs/error.log  notice;
#error_log  logs/error.log  info;

pid        logs/nginx.pid;

events {
    worker_connections  1024;
}

http {
    include       mime.types;
    default_type  application/octet-stream;

    log_format  main  '$remote_addr - $remote_user [$time_local] "$request" '
                      '$status $body_bytes_sent "$http_referer" '
                      '"$http_user_agent" "$http_x_forwarded_for"';

    access_log  logs/access.log  main;

    sendfile        on;
    #tcp_nopush     on;

    #keepalive_timeout  0;
    keepalive_timeout  65;

    #gzip  on;
    include extra/*.conf;

}

编辑zabbix_server.conf文件:

[root@zabbix etc]# pwd
  /usr/local/zabbix-3.0.2/etc

LogFile=/tmp/zabbix_server.log

PidFile=/tmp/zabbix_server.pid

DBHost=localhost

DBName=zabbix

DBUser=zabbix

DBPassword=zabbix

六、启动服务

启动nginx:

[root@zabbix conf]# /usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx

启动PHP:

[root@zabbix conf]# /usr/local/php/sbin/php-fpm

启动zabbix server:

[root@zabbix conf]# /usr/local/zabbix-3.0.3/sbin/zabbix_server

如果启动的时候报错:

[root@zabbix ~]# /usr/local/zabbix-3.0.2/sbin/zabbix_server
  /usr/local/zabbix-3.0.2/sbin/zabbix_server: error while loading shared libraries: libmysqlclient.so.18: cannot open shared object file: No such file or directory

[root@zabbix ~]# ln -s /usr/local/mysql/lib/libmysqlclient.so.18 /usr/lib64/

添加/etc/hosts文件:

192.168.119.140 zabbix.lifec.com

查看服务端口:

[root@zabbix conf]# netstat -lntup
Active Internet connections (only servers)
Proto Recv-Q Send-Q Local Address               Foreign Address             State       PID/Program name
tcp        0      0 0.0.0.0:22                  0.0.0.0:*                   LISTEN      1029/sshd
tcp        0      0 0.0.0.0:8027                0.0.0.0:*                   LISTEN      3730/nginx
tcp        0      0 0.0.0.0:10051               0.0.0.0:*                   LISTEN      3743/zabbix_server
tcp        0      0 127.0.0.1:9000              0.0.0.0:*                   LISTEN      3736/php-fpm
tcp        0      0 0.0.0.0:3306                0.0.0.0:*                   LISTEN      24922/mysqld
tcp        0      0 :::22                       :::*                        LISTEN      1029/sshd
udp        0      0 0.0.0.0:68                  0.0.0.0:*                               880/dhclient   

将服务加入开机自启动:

[root@zabbix ~]# echo "/usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx" >>/etc/rc.local
[root@zabbix ~]# echo "/usr/local/php/sbin/php-fpm" >>/etc/rc.local
[root@zabbix ~]# echo "/etc/init.d/mysqld start" >>/etc/rc.local
[root@zabbix ~]# echo "/usr/local/zabbix-3.0.3/sbin/zabbix_server" >>/etc/rc.local

七、web端配置zabbix

只有图,几乎没有文字,哈哈哈。。。

需要下载文件,并上传到指定的服务器目录中。

修改界面为中文界面

默认登录界面为英文:

修改以下配置,并重启服务即可;

vim /data/web/zabbix.lifec.com/include/locales.inc.php
      #'zh_CN' => ['name' => _('Chinese (zh_CN)'), 'display' => false],
      'zh_CN' => ['name' => _('Chinese (zh_CN)'), 'display' => true],

为了防止图形中的字符出现乱码:

需要自己上传字体:

将选择的字体上传到Linux服务器的zabbix的fonts目录:

/data/web/zabbix.lifec.com/fonts

并修改以下配置:

vim /data/web/zabbix.lifec.com/include/defines.inc.php

define('ZBX_GRAPH_FONT_NAME', 'DejaVuSans'); // font file name
define('ZBX_GRAPH_FONT_NAME', 'simsun'); // font file name        ==>此行为新增行;

define('ZBX_FONT_NAME', 'DejaVuSans');
define('ZBX_FONT_NAME', 'simsun');       ==>此行为新增行;

重启服务即可。

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